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Adverbs modify or tell us more about, other words. Usually, adverbs modify verbs, telling us how, how often, when, or where something was done. The adverb is placed after the verb it modifies.ADVERBS IN ENGLISH

EXAMPLES

  • The bus moved slowly.
  • The bears ate greedily.
  • The car drove fast.

 

Sometimes adverbs modify adjectives, making them stronger or weaker.

EXAMPLES

  • You look absolutely fabulous!
  • He is slightly overweight.
  • You are very persistent.

 

Some types of adverbs can modify other adverbs, changing their degree or precision.



EXAMPLES

  • She played the violin extremely well.
  • You’re speaking too quietly.

 

 

FORMING ADVERBS FROM ADJECTIVES

In most cases, an adverb is formed by adding -ly to an adjective

 Adjective                             Adverb

Cheap                                     cheaply

Quick                                     quickly

Slow                                       slowly

 

If the adjective ends in -y, replace the y with i and add -ly

Adjective               Adverb

Easy                            easily

Angry                         angrily

Happy                        happily

 

If the adjective ends in -able, –ible, or -le, replace the -e with -y.

 

Adjective             Adverb

Probable              probably

Terrible                terribly

Gentle                    gently

 

If the adjective ends in -ic, add -ally. Exception: public -> publicly

Adjective      Adverb

Basic               basically

Tragic             tragically

Economic      economically

 

Some adverbs have the same form as the adjective: early, fast, hard, high, late, near, straight, & wrong

 

EXAMPLES

  • It is a fast car.
  • He drives very fast.
  • This is a hard exercise.
  • He works hard.

 

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADVERBS:

With adverbs ending in -ly, you must use more to form the comparative, and most to form the superlative.

 

Adverb                Comparative                       Superlative

quietly                       more quietly                        most quietly

slowly                        more slowly                         most slowly

seriously                   more seriously                    most seriously

 

With short adverbs that do not end in -ly comparative and superlative forms are identical to adjectives: an adder to form the comparative and -est to form the superlative. If the adverb ends in e, remove it before adding the ending.

 

Adverb             Comparative                       Superlative

hard                           harder                                   hardest

fast                             faster                                     fastest

late                             later                                       latest

 

Some adverbs have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

 

Adverb          Comparative           Superlative

badly              worse                         worst

far                   farther/further       farthest/furthest

little                less                             least

 

ADVERBS IN ENGLISH

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