Basic English: Present Continuous Tense & it’s application

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Basic English: Present Continuous tense & it's application

                                                Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous (present progressive) tense is a way to convey any action or condition that is happening right now, frequently, and may be ongoing. It adds energy and action to writing, and its effect helps readers understand when the action is happening.

The present continuous (sometimes called the present progressive) tense in English is really easy to make and is the same for all verbs. We make it using the present simple of ‘be’ + verb-ing or the present continuous of any verb is composed of two parts – the present tense of the verb to be + the present participle of the main verb.

Subject to be + base + ing
She Is Talking.
Subject to be + not + base + ing
She is not (isn’t) talking
to be + subject + base + ing
Is She Talking?


Basic English: Present Continuous tense & it's application


As with all tenses in English, the speaker’s attitude is as important as the time of the action or event. When someone uses the present continuous, they are thinking about something that is unfinished or incomplete


  • to describe an action that is going on at this moment: You are using the InternetYou are studying English grammar.
  • to describe an action that is going on during this period of time or a trend: Are you still working for the same company? More and more people are becoming vegetarian.
  • to describe an action or event in the future, which has already been planned or prepared: We’re going on holiday tomorrowI’m meeting my boyfriend tonightAre they visiting you next winter?
  • to describe a temporary event or situation: He usually plays the drums, but he’s playing bass guitar tonightThe weather forecast was good, but it’s raining at the moment.
  • with “always, forever, constantly”, to describe and emphasise a continuing series of repeated actions: Harry and Sally are always arguingYou’re constantly complaining about your mother-in-law!


Here is how we make the positive:

Positive Positive Short Form
am sleeping I‘m sleeping
you are sleeping you‘re sleeping
he is sleeping he‘s sleeping
she is sleeping she‘s sleeping
it is sleeping it‘s sleeping
we are sleeping we‘re sleeping
they are sleeping they‘re sleeping


We can make the negative by adding ‘not’:

Negative Negative Short Form
am not sleeping I‘m not sleeping
you are not playing you aren’t playing
he is not reading he isn’t reading
she is not working she isn’t working
it is not raining it isn’t raining
we are not cooking we aren’t cooking
they are not listening they aren’t listening

 Spoken English in Bhubaneswar, English Mania in Bhubaneswar

English Grammar: Present Tense & it’s application


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