FUNCTIONS OF THE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
The simple future refers to a time later than now and expresses facts or certainty. In this case, there is no ‘attitude’.(Many Spoken English classes in Bhubaneswar are offering special tense charts.)
The simple future is used:
- To predict a future event:
It will rain tomorrow.
- With me or us, to express a spontaneous decision:
I’ll pay for the tickets by credit card.
- To express willingness: I’ll do the washing-up.
He’ll carry your bag for you.
- In the negative form, to express unwillingness:
The baby won’t eat his soup.
I won’t leave until I’ve seen the manager!
- With me in the interrogative form using “shall”, to make an offer:
Shall I open the window?
- With us in the interrogative form using “shall”, to make a suggestion:
Shall we go to the cinema tonight?
- With me in the interrogative form using “shall”, to ask for advice or instructions:
What shall I tell the boss about this money?
- With you, to give orders:
You will do exactly as I say.
- With you in the interrogative form, to give an invitation:
Will you come to the dance with me?
Will you marry me?
Note: In modern English will is preferred to shall. Shall is mainly used with I and we to make an offer or suggestion, or to ask for advice (see examples above). With the other persons (you, he, she, they) shall is only used in literary or poetic situations, e.g. “With rings on her fingers and bells on her toes, She shall have music wherever she goes.”
The simple future tense is very easy to make and is very useful.
Here’s the positive form (it’s just ‘will’ + infinitive):
- I will meet him later (I’ll ..)
- You will come (you’ll..)
- It will rain tomorrow (it’ll)
- She will be late (shell..)
- He will help us later (hell..)
- We will get married in September (we’ll)
- They will cook dinner (they’ll..)
here’s the negative form (just add ‘not’ – remember will not = won’t):
- I will not go (I won’t ..)
- You will not be late (you won’t ..)
- It will not snow tomorrow (it won’t..)
- She will not get the job (she won’t..)
- He will not pass the exam (he won’t ..)
- We will not come (we won’t..)
- They will not stop (they won’t ..)
Finally, here’s the question:
‘yes / no’ questions:
- Will I go?
- Will you come early?
- Will it be cold?
- Will she dance?
- Will he arrive soon?
- Will we cook?
- Will they leave?
- Where will I go?
- Why will you come early?
- When will it be cold?
- Who will she dance with?
- What time will he arrive?
- What will we cook?
- When will they leave?
I will = I’ll
We will = we’ll
You will = you’ll
He will = he’ll
She will = she’ll
They will = they’ll
Will not = won’t
*Many Spoken English classes in Bhubaneswar are offering special tense charts.
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