The comparative and the superlative adjectives part-2
Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, and higher). They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern:
Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object).
The second item of comparison can be omitted if it is clear from the context (final example below).
Superlative adjectives are used to describe an object which is at the upper or lower limit of a quality (the tallest, the smallest, the fastest, the highest). They are used in sentences where a subject is compared to a group of objects.
Noun (subject) + verb + the + superlative adjective + noun (object).
The group that is being compared with can be omitted if it is clear from the context (final example below).
Forming comparatives and superlatives is easy. The form depends on the number of syllables in the original adjective.
Add -er for the comparative and -est for the superlative. If the adjective has a consonant + single vowel + consonant spelling, the final consonant must be doubled before adding the ending.
tall taller tallest
fat fatter fattest
big bigger biggest
sad sadder saddest
Adjectives with two syllables can form the comparative either by adding -er or by preceding the adjective with more. These adjectives form the superlative either by adding -est or by preceding the adjective with most. In many cases, both forms are used, although one user will be more common than the other. If you are not sure whether a two-syllable adjective can take a comparative or superlative ending, play it safe and use more and most instead. For adjectives ending in y, change they to an i before adding the ending.
Happy happier happiest
Simple simpler simplest
Busy busier busiest
Tilted more tilted most tilted
Tangled more tangled most tangled
Adjectives with three or more syllables form the comparative by putting more in front of the adjective, and the superlative by putting most in front.
important more important most important
expensive more expensive most expensive
These very common adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms.
good better best
bad worse worst
little less least
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THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES PART-2